History Hustle

A potpourri of off-topics.
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bb49
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Re: History Hustle

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Queen K wrote: Nov 14th, 2021, 10:42 am :130: Great thread.
Yup, one of the best.
I think we should make the OP a moderator. :biggrin:
Someone has to replace Catsumi.
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oneh2obabe
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Re: History Hustle

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The 1976 Chowchilla kidnapping was the abduction of a school bus driver and 26 children, ages 5 to 14, in Chowchilla, California, on July 15, 1976. The three kidnappers held their captives in a box truck buried in a quarry in Livermore, California, intending to demand a ransom for their return. After about 16 hours underground, the driver and children dug themselves out and escaped.

The quarry owner's son, Frederick Newhall Woods IV, and two of his friends, brothers James and Richard Schoenfeld, were convicted of the crime. By 2015, both Schoenfelds had been paroled. The next parole hearing for Woods is scheduled for 2024.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1976_Chow ... kidnapping
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Catsumi
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Re: History Hustle

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Heavens, I am amazed at the nice long sentences received by perps. In Canada, they’d have all been out years ago
“Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it’s time to pause and reflect” - Mark Twain

“"You have enemies? Good. That means you've stood up for something, sometime in your life." -W. Churchill
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Re: History Hustle

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Did you know that when the Allies landed 156,000 troops on D-Day, one woman also made the landing at Normandy on June 6, 1944? Prior to D-Day, the British government accredited hundreds of journalists and photographers to cover the landings but all women who applied were turned down. One woman, Martha Gellhorn, a seasoned American war correspondent for Collier's magazine who was born on this day in 1908, refused to take no for an answer. She stowed away in the bathroom of a hospital ship and later landed on the beach disguised as a stretcher bearer. As a result, Gellhorn was the first woman on the front lines and the only female journalist who covered D-Day firsthand.

Gellhorn later traveled across Europe with the U.S. Army's 82nd Airborne Division and was among the first to enter the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau. She also witnessed the fall of Prague, Czechoslovakia and covered the Nuremberg war crimes trials. Gellhorn reported on nearly every major world conflict during her 60-year journalism career. She passed away at the age of 89 in 1998.

Martha Gellhorn was the author of many books including "A Stricken Field: A Novel" (https://amzn.to/2DrHwol), "The Face of War" (https://amzn.to/2DtAoYv), "Travels with Myself and Another" (https://amzn.to/2qI31ch), and "Martha Gellhorn's Letters of Love and War 1930-1949" (https://amzn.to/3ir3Sdd)

Gellhorn is one of six courageous female journalists who reported on WWII featured in the new book for adults: "The Correspondents: Six Women Writers on the Front Lines of World War II" at https://www.amightygirl.com/the-correspondents
She is also the subject of the fascinating biography "Gellhorn: A Twentieth-Century Life" (https://amzn.to/2Dtqdn0) and a historical fiction novel focused on her tumultuous relationship with Ernest Hemingway (https://amzn.to/2ImeO8k)
Gellhorn is one of 16 courageous female journalists whose stories are told in the excellent book, "Reporting Under Fire: 16 Daring Women War Correspondents and Photojournalists," for teens and adults, ages 13 and up, at https://www.amightygirl.com/reporting-under-fire

For hundreds of true stories of trailblazing girls and women who refused to conform to the conventions of their times, visit A Mighty Girl's "Role Model" biography section at https://www.amightygirl.com/.../history ... /biography
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Re: History Hustle

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The son and grandson of prominent Scottish engineers, Louis was expected to follow in their footsteps. He dutifully attended engineering school, and excelled there, but upon graduation he disappointed his parents by announcing that he intended to become a writer rather than a civil engineer. Later he would disappoint them again by marrying Fanny Van de Grift Osbourne, a pistol-packing American divorcee who was 12 years his senior.

But following his heart led him ultimately to happiness and success. When he died at age 44 of a cerebral hemorrhage, he was not at a desk in Scotland doing a job he hated, but rather at his home in the South Pacific, happily married and doing a job he loved, his novels Treasure Island and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde having won him enduring fame.

"An aim in life is the only fortune worth finding."

Robert Louis Stevenson was born on November 13, 1850, one hundred seventy-one years ago.
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Re: History Hustle

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Julius Erasmus returned to Hürtgen Forest in 1945, having lost his family and home to the war. The German soldier was shocked to find so many fallen soldiers’ bodies abandoned and decided to bury them in Vossenack cemetery. He became known as the ‘undertaker of Vossenack’, even risking his life searching the mine-riddled forest for fallen comrades.

When the public cemetery became full, the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge established today’s military cemetery on Hill 470 and employed Erasmus. In the 1960s Erasmus left Vossenack and in 1971 he died, almost forgotten. He had buried 1569 German soldiers.

https://europeremembers.com/biography/julius-erasmus/
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Re: History Hustle

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Re: History Hustle

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During the World War II, #BetteDavis was the chairman of the Hollywood Victory Committee and she founded the legendary Hollywood Canteen, along with fellow Warner Bros actor John Garfield. The Canteen was free to active servicemen of all ages, and was an escapist’s dream: they could dance with starlets, and get served up food by their favorite Hollywood actors.

But Bette Davis had one extremely controversial stipulation: that the canteen be #Integrated.

This meant, of course, that black soldiers would be able to dance with white women in public. As heroic America was during that War, it was still deeply rooted in Jim Crow laws and open interracial mingling was something that was just NOT done. It strictly White-Only and Black-Only. (Hattie McDaniel was the chairman of the Black Hollywood Victory Committee.)

Bette Davis received intense heat for her decision, but she and Garfield refused to back down and fought for the club to be racially integrated. Their solution was simple: if not, they’d quit. And without stars, there wasn’t a canteen. Davis won, and the Canteen was successfully integrated.
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Re: History Hustle

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Carmen Lyra, the Woman of The Communist Rebellion in Costa Rica

Carmen Lyra (January 15, 1888 – May 14, 1949) was the pseudonym of the first prominent female Costa Rican writer, born María Isabel Carvajal Quesada. She was a teacher and founder of the country's first Montessori school. She was a co-founder of the Communist Party of Costa Rica, as well as one of the country's first female worker's unions. She was one of the earliest writers to criticize the dominance of the fruit companies. She won many prizes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carmen_Lyra
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Re: History Hustle

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Sergei Pavlovich Korolev[a] or Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov (Russian: Сергей Павлович Королёв; 12 January 1907 [O.S. 30 December 1906] – 14 January 1966) was a lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer during the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1950s and 1960s. He is regarded by many as the father of practical astronautics. He was involved in the development of the R-7 Rocket, Sputnik 1, launching Laika, Belka and Strelka and the first human being, Yuri Gagarin, into space.

Although Korolev trained as an aircraft designer, his greatest strengths proved to be in design integration, organization and strategic planning. Arrested on a false official charge as a "member of an anti-Soviet counter-revolutionary organization" (which would later be reduced to "saboteur of military technology"), he was imprisoned in 1938 for almost six years, including some months in a Kolyma labour camp. Following his release he became a recognized rocket designer and a key figure in the development of the Soviet Intercontinental ballistic missile program. He later directed the Soviet space program and was made a Member of Soviet Academy of Sciences, overseeing the early successes of the Sputnik and Vostok projects including the first human Earth orbit mission by Yuri Gagarin on 12 April 1961. Korolev's unexpected death in 1966 interrupted implementation of his plans for a Soviet crewed Moon landing before the United States 1969 mission.

Before his death he was officially identified only as Glavny Konstruktor (Главный Конструктор), or the Chief Designer, to protect him from possible Cold War assassination attempts by the United States. Even some of the cosmonauts who worked with him were unaware of his last name; he only went by Chief Designer. Only following his death in 1966 was his identity revealed and he received the appropriate public recognition as the driving force behind Soviet accomplishments in space exploration during and following the International Geophysical Year.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_Korolev
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Re: History Hustle

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Four and a half months after the Battle of Gettysburg, President Abraham Lincoln joined a large crowd to dedicate the Soldiers’ National Cemetery on the afternoon of November 19, 1863. After the delivering of prayers and the playing of songs, the crowd listened intently to a nearly two-hour speech by the orator, Edward Everett. Then, following a hymn, “The Consecration Chant,” President Lincoln stepped forward to deliver the Dedicatory Remarks. In just a matter of 271 words, Lincoln said everything that a broken nation needed to hear. He began by invoking the historical memory of the United States, addressed the conflict, then turned his focus to the present, and in many ways to us. For a speech that Lincoln predicted few would “long remember,” the Gettysburg Address should speak to us all today.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gettysburg_Address
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Re: History Hustle

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𝗔𝘁 𝗷𝘂𝘀𝘁 7 𝘆𝗲𝗮𝗿𝘀 𝗼𝗹𝗱, 𝗘𝗿𝗻𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗙𝗿𝗲𝗱𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗠𝗼𝗿𝗿𝗶𝘀𝗼𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗳𝗶𝗿𝘀𝘁 𝗯𝗹𝗮𝗰𝗸 𝗰𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗱 𝗺𝗼𝘃𝗶𝗲 𝘀𝘁𝗮𝗿 𝘀𝗶𝗴𝗻𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗮 𝗹𝗼𝗻𝗴-𝘁𝗲𝗿𝗺 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝘁𝗿𝗮𝗰𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗶𝘀 𝗺𝗼𝘀𝘁 𝗳𝗮𝗺𝗼𝘂𝘀 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗿𝗼𝗹𝗲 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗢𝘂𝗿 𝗚𝗮𝗻𝗴/ 𝗟𝗶𝘁𝘁𝗹𝗲 𝗥𝗮𝘀𝗰𝗮𝗹𝘀 𝘀𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗲𝘀.

Morrison was born on December 20, 1912 to Louise (Lewis) and Joseph Ernest Morrison, in New Orleans, Louisiana. He made his unofficial movie debut as an infant, filling in for another child that would not stop crying. He was given the nickname “Sunshine” by the crew, and later went on to use the names Sunshine Sambo, Little Sambo, Sunshine Sammy, Ernie, or just Sammy. Morrison made his official movie debut in 1916, in The Soul of a Child, at age three. From 1917 to 1922, Morrison appeared in a series of silent films produced by Harold Lloyd, alongside then-child actor Marie Osborne, produced in New York.

In 1919, Morrison became the first African American actor to be signed to a long-term contract with comedy film producer Hal Roach. Roach created a series called The Sunshine Sammy Series just for Morrison in 1921, but only one segment produced was aired. Roach recreated his idea in a series called Hal Roach’s Rascals/ Our Gang. Morrison made his debut as “Booker T. Bacon” in the 1922 debut short of the series called “One Terrible Day.” As the oldest member of the cast, Morrison was paid $10,000 a year, making him the highest paid black actor in Hollywood at the time. He filmed twenty-eight episodes and remained with the show until 1924, when he was twelve years old.
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Re: History Hustle

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Re: History Hustle

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He did it all - touching a living enemy - and when he stole the horses he sang a war song
Am I free tomorrow? No I'm expensive every day
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Re: History Hustle

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