A Telling History of the Opioid Crisis

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Cruella7009
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Joined: Dec 29th, 2015, 3:56 pm

A Telling History of the Opioid Crisis

Post by Cruella7009 »

1754-1763 Opium (Schedule I Narcotic), which had already been in use for centuries, used to treat soldiers during the American Revolution
1861-1897 Morphine (Schedule II Narcotic) in widespread use as an analgesic, believed to be a safe derivative of Opium
1880's Cocaine (Schedule II Narcotic) gains widespread use in the medical community, believed to be safe
1895 Recognition of an epidemic of Morphine addiction
1898 Heroin introduced as a safer alternative to Morphine and used to treat Morphine addiction
1900 Dangers of Cocaine become apparent
1910-1920 Efforts to ban Opium result in price-jump, pushing people towards Heroin/Morphine
1922 Cocaine declared illegal more than 20 years after danger recognized
1924 Heroin banned by FDA, 26 years after its introduction
1924-1960 Criminalization of Narcotic Use
1943- FDA approves Pethidine (Demerol, Schedule I Narcotic) for medical use, believed to be safer and less addictive than Morphine
1960's Illegal Heroin use continues to increase
1960’s FENTANYL (analgesic 100 times more potent than Morphine) approved by FDA and rapidly adopted by the medical profession
1970's Re-emergence of Cocaine use
1972 Methadone (Schedule II Narcotic) introduced to treat Narcotic addiction
1975 Demerol most widely prescribed pain medication
1980's Methadone in popular use as a pain reliever and illicit use begins to increase
1990’s Fentanyl Patch developed, approved by Health Canada in 1996
1995 Oxycontin (Schedule II Narcotic) introduced as a pain reliever, deemed to be safer than Morphine and Heroin
1995 Buprenorphine (Schedule II Narcotic) sublingual film (Subutex) introduced as safer alternative to Methadone for pain relief and to treat opiate addiction
1995 Tramadol (synthetic opiate) approved by FDA for pain relief, believed to be a safer alternative to natural opiates
2002 FDA approves Buprenorphine/Naloxone formulation (Suboxone, Schedule II Narcotic), in an effort to combat the illicit use of Methadone and Subutex
2004-2008 Hospital visits due to Demerol abuse have increased by 111%, as the falsity of its comparative safety to Morphine become apparent
2010 FDA approves "Abuse-deterrent" version of Oxycontin, once again deemed to be "safer" than the original formulation
2010 FDA approves higher doses of Suboxone in the treatment of Opioid addiction
2010 Emergency room visits for adverse effects to Tramadol have increased by 400%
2011 The term "Recovery" re-defined in the medical community to exclude the word abstinence
2012 Subutex production ceased (though Manufacturer denies this is due to safety concerns)
2012 Pharmaceutical manufacturer pulls OxyContin from market (just before its patent expires) and replaces it with OxyNeo, a “safer”, tamper-resistant alternative to OxyContin, though still highly addictive and prone to misuse
2015-Present Opioid Crisis in full swing in North America. Fentanyl (or Fentanyl-laced drugs) blamed for the vast number of drug-overdose deaths.
Pharmaceutical companies found guilty of fraud related to the marketing of Oxycontin
-also found guilty of employing unethical, fraudulent
marketing strategies in the distribution of Subutex and
subsequent tablet version of Suboxone
Suboxone STILL widely believed by the medical community to be a safer alternative to Heroin, Morphine, Oxycontin, Methadone...

2020's Long-term effects of Suboxone use remain to be seen...Time will tell if History is destined to repeat itself…

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